What Is Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Hormone replacement therapy has long been prescribed by doctors for numerous condition, the most common being to help treat and elevate menopause and its symptoms, as well as reduce the risk of osteoporosis and heart disease. But what exactly does hormone replacementtherapy involves and is it right for you? Well in this blog we’ll take a look and just what the procedure involves and whether it may be right for you.

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Hormone Replacement Therapy

So, what is hormone replacement therapy (HRT)?

HRT comes in two basic forms oestrogen-only therapy (ET) and oestrogen plus progestogen therapy (EPT) both acting to augment the body’s natural hormone levels to help elevate and ease the symptoms often brought on by menopause.

ET is used to replace oestrogen which is the main hormone that helps relieve most menopausal symptoms and is prescribed to those women who have had a hysterectomy and who’s symptoms can sometimes be referred to as surgical menopause.

EPT on the other hand combines oestrogen with progestogen to help women who experience menopause naturally, while protecting them against uterine (endometrial) cancer that can be caused by oestrogen replacement alone for those women with a uterus.

Both of these forms of HRT are the conventional methods of hormone replacement therapy, but in recent years there has been an increase in the use of bioidentical hormone replacement therapies (BHRT). BHRTs work very much with the same principle as BRTs, however, all hormones used are chemically identical to those produced by the human body, rather than being artificially manufactured for the purpose of treatment.

Why have hormone replacement therapy?

In the onset of menopause both natural and surgical, levels of the hormones oestrogen and progestogen which are produced by the ovaries drop significantly, which can lead to those symptoms typically aligned with menopause such as: hot flushes; night sweats; vaginal discomfort; mood changes and sleep problems.

Oestrogen also plays a significant role in the bodies processing of calcium, a key nutrient required for bone strength. Here by replacing the body’s oestrogen levels HRT can help reduce the risks of osteoporosis as well as menopause.

What are the pros and cons of hormone replacement therapy?

Thousands of medical studies and cases have shown the effectiveness of HRT in helping to reduce and combat the symptoms of menopause as well as protecting against other medical conditions such as osteoporosis and heart disease.

However as with any form of medical treatment there are always potential side effects and it is important that you talk in depth with your medical practitioner about the possible side effects and taking into consideration your medical history, whether hormone replacement therapy is the correct treatment for you.

Here at MAS Gynaecology Mr Masood and the rest of our experienced team are always on hand to offer you advice and provide you with tailored treatment plan perfectly suited to your personal health, so why not give our team a call today!

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