Compression Therapy – Principles And Major Benefits!

Compression Therapy

Compression Therapy is a kind of ‘wound care’ which improves your pain, range of motion, strength, and function. It involves putting up an elastic garment or the compression stockings around your leg. A strong compression is applied at the ankle and gradually decreasing compression is applied, going up the leg. This therapy is adopted for the following complications.

Principles And Major Benefits

  • Aftercare and thrombosis after surgery
  • For treating Chronic Venous Disease (CVD) or other chronic conditions caused by veins
  • For relieving of venous diseases such as Varicose veins and spider veins, Vascular, Phlebitis Malfunctioning, leg ulcers, heavy legs and oedemas, Swelling and pain in leg, venous insufficiency
  • For preventing venous stasis and damages caused by venous walls

Compression can be applied by using stockings, socks, bandages, and pantyhose. The latest is SIGVARIS compression product. It increases the flow of blood in the lower limbs by increasing the vein support. These stockings stretch out vein walls and improve the blood circulation.

Varicose Veins are elongated and twisted blood vessels that do not control the flow of blood in their normal way and may cause large grape-like clusters under your skin. They give rise to symptoms like the heaviness of legs, numbness in the legs, swelling in the legs, easily tiring legs, itching and irritation on the legs and darkening of the skin.

Those suffering from chronic venous disease adopt compression therapy. Usually, varicose veins occur more in women during their pregnancy, starting in the first trimester or during the last fourteen days of their menstrual cycle.

Principles

  1. Controlled pressure, measured in the millimeter of mercury (mmHg) is exerted on the limb
  2. Orthesis devices such as bandages or stockings are used to reinforce or support the affected limb.
  3. The mechanical principle of hysteresis is utilized which is defined by stretch relaxation curve of an elastic object. Pressure is transmitted indirectly by the devices
  4. The principle is anti-hyper pressure that is induced by a defective venous system
  5. More pressure is applied at the ankle level
  6. Digressive pressure is applied, gradually decreasing, while moving it up.
  7. The elastic recoil force of the hosiery and the form of the leg determine the pressure exerted on the leg. It is dependent upon the curvature of the local surface Laplace law.
  8. Higher pressure is exerted above the tibial edge and the Achille’s tendon. But, lower pressure is put on the lateral aspect of the leg.

Benefits

The benefits could be categorized into the following:

  1. Hemodynamic Effects
  • Increases the flow of venous blood
  • Reduces the volume of venous blood
  • Decreases the reflux in the diseased superficial and deep veins
  • Decreases the pathologically elongated venous pressure
  1. Effect on Tissues
  • Brings down the elevated edema of the tissue
  • Improves3the drainage of noxious substances
  • Decreases inflammation
  • Improves the movements of joints and tendons
  • Sustains the reparative process

Normadic compression reduces the venous influx, decreases the volume of leg and foot, and venous hypertension by using the multi-layered wrap, inelastic bandages, long stretch bandages, pneumatic compression devices and graduated compression stocking.

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